• Users Online: 230
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 90-93

Chemoprophylaxis for deep vein thrombosis after hip surgery: The Indian prospective

Department of Orthopaedics, S.N. Medical College, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Chandra Prakash Pal
Department of Orthopaedics, S.N. Medical College, Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jotr.jotr_6_17

Rights and Permissions

Background: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or venous thromboembolism is a fatal complication of patients undergoing elective hip surgeries. Not much evidence is provided in the Indian literature regarding the incidence of DVT in the Indian population and ideal prophylaxis for the same. This issue has gained much importance in recent history due to the increase in a number of elective hip surgeries. Low-molecular-weight (LMW) heparin is commonly used for chemoprophylaxis against DVT. Our study is to identify the role of LMW heparin (enoxaparin) for prophylaxis against DVT. Materials and Methods: The present study is a prospective study for the role of enoxaparin in prophylaxis against DVT in patients of elective hip surgeries carried out over a period of 2 years. A total of 110 patients were selected based on the stringent inclusion and exclusion criteria. Randomization was done and patients were divided into two groups of 55 patients each. Group 1 (case) received postoperative enoxaparin at a dose of 40 mg subcutaneous daily for 7 days whereas Group 2 (control) did not receive any prophylaxis, following which color Doppler was performed on all patients. Results: The overall incidence of DVT in our study group was found to be 23.6%, of which 61.5% had distal thrombus and 28.5% had thrombus in the proximal vein. The incidence of DVT in case group was 12.5% compared to control group, in which the incidence of DVT was found to be 34.5%; hence, statistically significant difference (P = 0.0071) in the incidence of DVT was found in both groups. Duration of surgery and patient's age were two most significant risk factors associated with the occurrence of DVT. No statistically significant difference was noted regarding postoperative bleeding complications between two groups (P > 0.05). Conclusion: DVT/venous thromboembolism is relatively less common in Indian patients following elective hip surgeries as compared to the Western population, and LMW heparin is a safe and effective method of prophylaxis against DVT.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded200    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 1    

Recommend this journal