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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 53-57

Management of clubfoot in children above 5 years with differential distraction using joshi external stabilizing system

Department of Orthopaedics, AIIMS, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sharath Kowshik
Department of Orthopaedics, AIIMS, Raipur, Chhattisgarh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jotr.jotr_22_20

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Introduction: Ponsetti's technique is the recommended procedure for treating idiopathic clubfoot in children below the age of 2 years, and the same is also followed in some severe clubfoot deformities including neglected, recurrent and resistant forms who eventually may need surgical intervention. In children >5 years of age (children belonging to 5–10 years), open surgical procedures make the foot rigid with soft-tissue surgery, and bony operations can make the foot even smaller. Simultaneous correction of all aspects of deformity by differential distraction using external fixator rescues the foot from such complications. Joshi's external stabilizing system (JESS) can be used to gradually correct the deformities by differential distraction. In comparison to Ilizarov ring fixators, these are lighter in weight, shorter, cheaper, and have an easier application. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to analyze the role of JESS fixator in correcting cases of clubfoot in children >5 years in terms of morphological, functional, and radiological outcomes which were assessed using the International Clubfoot Study Group (ICFSG) scores. Materials and Methods: Five consecutive children with eight clubfoot >5 years underwent differential fractional distraction in our hospital. Period of correction varied from 6 to 8 weeks, including the distraction phase and static phase. Follow-up was done by application of cast in plantigrade position for double the duration of corrective distraction. Patients were assessed preoperatively and postoperatively at 6 months for morphology, functionality, and radiological correction by the ICFSG score. Results: Excellent to good results were obtained in all cases, which were assessed using ICFSG score, with only minor complications in patients. Conclusion: JESS frame is simple, versatile, and best suited for correcting clubfoot deformities, which were neglected, resistant and recurrent, and also with residual deformity, even in the children above the age of 5 years with advanced osteoarticular development and higher rigidity.

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