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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 115-120

A Comparative Study of Management of Femoral Shaft Fracture in Children: A Prospective Study


Department of Orthopaedics, SMS and R Sharda University, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Ramji Lal Sahu
11284, Laj Building No. 1, Doriwalan, New Rohtak Road, Karol Bagh, New Delhi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jotr.jotr_15_20

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Context: Femoral shaft fracture is the most common major pediatric orthopedic fractures and treatment of them carries a lot of controversies. Aims: The aim of this study was to compare the functional outcome after internal fixation with titanium elastic nail and stainless steel Kirschner wire in unstable femoral shaft fracture in children. Settings and Design: This prospective study was conducted at Sharda University between December 2010 and December 2017 and were followed up for 12 months. Materials and Methods: A total of hundred children between the ages of 2–14 years having closed unstable fracture of the femoral shaft were included in the present study. Fifty children were managed with titanium nails (Group 1) and the same number of children was managed with stainless steel Kirschner wires (K-wires) (Group 2). Functional outcomes were evaluated using the criteria of Flynn et al. Statistical Analysis Used: Statically analysis was limited to calculation of percentage of patients who had unions, malunions, delayed unions, or nonunions and excellent, good, and poor outcomes. Results: Based on the Flynn criteria, 92% of patients had excellent results, 8% had satisfactory results, and no one showed poor results. There was no clinically significant difference between the two groups with respect to time to union, functional outcome, and complication. Conclusion: The clinic-radiological results were not significantly different between titanium nail and Kirschner wire at 1-year follow-up as observed by our study. The cost of Kirschner wire is one-third the cost of titanium nail.


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