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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-4

Prevalence of osteoporosis in Eastern Odisha – A cross-sectional study of bone mineral density


1 Department of Physiology, SCB Medical College, Cuttack, Odisha, India
2 Department of Orthopaedics, SCB Medical College, Cuttack, Odisha, India
3 Department of Physiology, VIMSAR, Burla, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Tanmoy Mohanty
Burdwan Compound, College Square P.O., Cuttack - 753 003, Odisha
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jotr.jotr_60_21

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Introduction: Osteoporosis is a common metabolic disease of the bone characterized by decreased bone mass and micro-architectural deterioration in bone tissues that results in increased susceptibility to fractures. Osteoporosis is a significant public health problem in many parts of the world, also in India. The primary purpose of the article is to find out the prevalence of osteoporosis in Eastern Odisha through the cross-sectional study of bone mineral density (BMD). Materials and Methods: Two thousand and one hundred individuals within the age range of 20–82 years were included in the study. It was conducted between February 2016 and August 2017. The instrument to measure BMD was the Achilles Express Bone Ultradensitometer. Their average BMD was calculated according to T score by using the World Health Organization guidelines for the classification into normal, osteopenic, and osteoporotic. The findings were statistically analyzed. The results were compared with the results of other authors. Statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS software version 16 (IBM Corporation, Armonk, New York USA). Results: Prevalence of osteoporosis was found to be 22.4% and osteopenia 37.9%. There was a significant difference in the prevalence of osteoporosis between premenopausal and postmenopausal women. Conclusion: In India, no centralized data are available to show the prevalence of osteoporosis. This study was an effort to find out the prevalence of osteoporosis in Eastern part of Odisha, India. Ultrasonic heel densitometry is a safe and noninvasive method for the assessment of BMD to diagnose and assess the osteoporotic individuals so that adequate steps can be taken in them to prevent fracture and other complications of osteoporosis.


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